Many of the Solanaceae, such as tobacco and petunia, are used as model organisms in the investigation of fundamental biological questions at the cellular, molecular, and genetic levels. Nicotiana tabacum, originally from South America, is now cultivated throughout the world to produce tobacco. Capsules are characteristic of the subfamilies Cestroideae (with the exception of Cestrum) and Schizanthoideae, the tribes Salpiglossoideae and Anthocercidoideae, and the genus Datura. The flowers are generally hermaphrodites, although some are monoecious, andromonoecious, or dioecious species (such as some Solanum or Symonanthus). Liliaceae, the lily family of the flowering plant order Liliales, with 16 genera and 635 species of herbs and shrubs, native primarily to temperate and subtropical regions. The capsules are normally septicidal or rarely loculicidal or valvate. The etymology of the Latin word is unclear. Solanine and Chaconine. Here, we report a parthenocarpic eggplant mutant, pad-1 , which accumulates high levels of auxin in the ovaries. The family Solanaceae contains such important food species as the potato (Solanum tuberosum), the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), the pepper (Capsicum annuum) and the aubergine or egg plant (Solanum melongena). Subtribe Solandrinae, a monotypical subtribe, differs from Juanulloinae in that its embryos have incumbent cotyledons and semi-inferior ovaries. The Genera of Solanaceae. Some people have a sensitivity to nightshade vegetables and fruits, such as eggplant and goji berries, which means they are unable to digest them fully. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Many members of the family contain potent alkaloids, and some are highly toxic, but many—including tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, bell and chili peppers—are used as food. Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. The eight most important genera contain more than 60% of the species, as shown in the table below. The Cestreae tribe is unusual because it includes taxa with long chromosomes (from 7.21 to 11.511 µm in length), when the rest of the family generally possesses short chromosomes (for example between 1.5 and 3.52 µm in the Nicotianoideae), This subfamily is characterized by the presence of drupes as fruit and seeds with curved embryos and large fleshy cotyledons. The flowers can be solitary or grouped into terminal, cymose, or axillary inflorescences. So chromosomes 1 and 10 were sequenced in the United States, 3 and 11 in China, 2 in Korea, 4 in Britain, 5 in India, 7 in France, 8 in Japan, 9 in Spain and 12 in Italy. [48][49], "Nightshade" redirects here. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. The name may come from a perceived resemblance of certain solanaceous flowers to the sun and its rays. The name Solanaceae derives from the genus Solanum, "the nightshade plant". The gynoecium is bicarpelar (rarely three- or five-locular) with a superior ovary and two locules, which may be secondarily divided by false septa, as is the case for Nicandreae and Datureae. They are found in plants such as henbane (Hyoscyamus albus), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), jimson weed (Datura stramonium), mandrake (Mandragora autumnalis), tobacco, and others. The biology and taxonomy of the Solanaceae. The stamens are epipetalous and are typically present in multiples of four or five, most commonly four or eight. Symp. The embryo sack’s nuclear poles become fused before fertilization. Certain species are widely known for their medicinal uses, their psychotropic effects, or for being poisonous. Alternatively, the name could originate from the Latin verb solare, meaning "to soothe", presumably referring to the soothing pharmacological properties of some of the psychoactive species of the family. The … The foliar lamina can be either simple or compound, and the latter can be either pinnatifid or ternate. Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería. Phytophagous arthropods associated with, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Phylogeny and provisional classification of the Solanaceae based on chloroplast DNA", "52 Million-Year-Old Tomatillo Fossils Rewrite Veggie History", "Molecular cloning of hyoscyamine 6β-hydroxylase, a 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase, from cultured roots of, "Determination of the Nicotine Content of Various Edible Nightshades (Solanaceae) and Their Products and Estimation of the Associated Dietary Nicotine Intake", "Nicotine Analysis in Several Non-Tobacco Plant Materials", "Dyssochroma viridiflorum (Solanaceae): A Reproductively Bat-dependent Epiphyte from the Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil", "A cladistic study on the American species of, "Phylogenetics of the florally diverse Andean clade Iochrominae (Solanaceae)", Article in English, with a summary in Portuguese, Arboles ornamentales cultivados en España.