When the 7 TeV experimental period ended, the LHC revved to 8 TeV (4 TeV per proton) starting March 2012, and soon began particle collisions at that energy. Croatia was approved for admission as an Associate Member state on 28 February 2019. CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web. Therefore, the laboratory operated by CERN is commonly referred to as the European laboratory for particle physics (Laboratoire européen pour la physique des particules), which better describes the research being performed there. Straddling the French-Swiss border, the $9 billion CERN collider complex is buried at a depth of up to 575 feet (175 meters). Coincidentally, CERN is roughly 27 kilometers from the center of Lake Geneva (i.e., 46°27’19.8″N 6°36’01.9″E) where CIA Headquarters is evidently located.. Ukraine signed an association agreement on 3 October 2013. Most of the roads on the CERN Meyrin and Prévessin sites are named after famous physicists, such as Richard Feynman, Niels Bohr, and Albert Einstein. The detector will be precisely … CERN) was just a prank gone too far. [30][31] In 2016, the design collision rate was exceeded for the first time. Travelling just below light-speed, a proton in the LHC will make 11,245 circuits every second. Robert Bridge is an American writer and journalist. CERN's existing PS/SPS accelerator complexes are used to pre-accelerate protons and lead ions which are then injected into the LHC. Going through the Swiss Alps, the tunnel took 17 years to complete and is said to be a symbol of European unification in a context of rising nationalism and closing borders. [21] Berners-Lee and Cailliau were jointly honoured by the Association for Computing Machinery in 1995 for their contributions to the development of the World Wide Web. [1] The acronym CERN originally represented the French words for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Council for Nuclear Research), which was a provisional council for building the laboratory, established by 12 European governments in 1952. And he opened the bottomless pit… And they had a kind over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.”. The acronym was retained for the new laboratory after the provisional council was dissolved, even though the name changed to the current Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in 1954. Northern section of the line is in operation since 2009-12-13. Several important achievements in particle physics have been made through experiments at CERN. The initial particle beams were injected into the LHC August 2008. As part of the HL-LHC upgrade project, also other CERN accelerators and their subsystems are receiving upgrades. This will be confirmed with further site investigations to verify the design assumptions and optimise a layout for the new machine. Now the race is on at CERN to find those elusive particles or phenomena responsible for dark matter (23 percent) and dark energy (73 percent). This is the complete NWO, satanic tunnel opening ceremony at the Gotthard tunnel in Switzerland. This project should see the LHC accelerator upgraded by 2026 to an order of magnitude higher luminosity. The LHC represents a large-scale, worldwide scientific cooperation project. Lithuania was approved for admission as an Associate Member state on 16 June 2017. Currently (as of 2019) active machines are: It also hosts the CERN Internet Exchange Point (CIXP), one of the two main internet exchange points in Switzerland. ... and when beams circulated inside them for the first time. The LHC first went live on 10 September 2008, but initial testing was delayed for 14 months from 19 September 2008 to 20 November 2009, following a magnet quench incident that caused extensive damage to over 50 superconducting magnets, their mountings, and the vacuum pipe. No Democratic debate. Yugoslavia was a founding member of CERN but quit in 1961. Technicians are seen working in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment, part of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), during a media visit to the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in the French village of Cessy, near Geneva in Switzerland © Pierre Albouy © Reuters, British physicist Stephen Hawking © Toby Melville © Reuters, © CERN Publications Section © Wikipedia, Tim Berners-Lee circa 1990, at the dawn of the World Wide Web. However, CERN has been the trailblazer on a number of other highly credible projects, which may tempt people to give them the benefit of the doubt regarding CERN, which certainly ranks as one of the most comprehensive and expensive scientific experiments in history. The convention was gradually ratified by the 12 founding Member States: Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia.[11]. The smaller accelerators are on the main Meyrin site (also known as the West Area), which was originally built in Switzerland alongside the French border, but has been extended to span the border since 1965. ... LHC tunnel are emergency lights are part of an essential safety system if you ever need to evacuate News At CERN 31 March, 2016 Lighting the way: how emergency lights surviv A computer drawing shows the FASER instrument in a tunnel at CERN's Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN operates a network of six accelerators and a decelerator. The feasibility study, which was led by Amberg, considered the complex geological requirements on the one hand and the constraints and needs of the researchers at CERN on the other. The ceremony took place in two parts. On April 30, 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to anyone. However, this was just the start of what was needed for the expected discovery of the Higgs boson. Since some critics say this scientific experiment poses greater risks than even the tests prior to the introduction of the atomic bomb, it would stand to reason that there should be much more discussion on this ‘dark matter.’ Sadly, and not a little ironically, CERN – which essentially governs itself as its own fiefdom – is operating just as invisibly as the particles they are attempting to study. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's biggest and most powerful particle accelerator.It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research ().It is a giant circular tunnel built underground. But not just any Hindu goddess. [73] All publications by CERN authors are published with gold open access.[74]. Then you put more than that amount of energy into the object.” Tyson was confident of the result: “It will explode.”. I will leave it up to the imagination of the reader to determine if the public relations team at CERN opened up the door to massive conjecture - not to mention a huge amount of 'conspiracy theory' - by opting for the particular logo design that they did. Read RT Privacy policy to find out more. [68], CERN has initiated an open access publishing project to convert scientific articles in high energy physics into gold open access by redirecting subscription fees. Its maximum depth is 2,450 metres (8,040 ft) beneath the surface. Such scenarios – at least for some scientists – are no longer confined to the fictional world of Isaac Asimov novels; with the ongoing work at CERN, there is even talk of opening up a portal for time travel. In January 2019, CERN officials revealed their potential plan for a 62 mile circular collider. As of October 2019, the construction is on-going to upgrade the LHC's luminosity in a project called High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). The combined length of all its tunnels, shafts and passages is actually almost three times as long: 151.84 km (94.3 mi). The LHC was constructed by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in the same 27-km (17-mile) tunnel that housed its Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP). The UA1 and UA2 experiments were considered to be in the Underground Area, i.e. Slovenia was approved for admission as an Associate Member state in the pre-stage to membership on 16 December 2016. They include: In September 2011, CERN attracted media attention when the OPERA Collaboration reported the detection of possibly faster-than-light neutrinos. At the sixth session of the CERN Council, which took place in Paris from 29 June – 1 July 1953, the convention establishing the organization was signed, subject to ratification, by 12 states. The 27km length of the LHC demands some 7,600 km (4,100 miles) of cable, which amounts to about 270,000 km (145,000 miles) of strand — more than enough to circle the Earth six times at the Equator. CERN is presently ramping up the largest atom collider in the world (it takes months for the magnets to get the particles to reach near light-speed) in preparation for their next atomic collision which is scheduled to take place next month – with barely a mention in the media of the risks involved. All rights reserved. Astonishingly, astrophysical observations have demonstrated that all visible physical matter accounts for only four percent of the Universe. For example, NA32 was an experiment looking at the production of so-called "charmed" particles and located at the Prévessin (North Area) site while WA22 used the Big European Bubble Chamber (BEBC) at the Meyrin (West Area) site to examine neutrino interactions. The association agreement was signed on 27 June 2017 and ratified on 8 January 2018. Images highlighting some of the more unusual moments of the opening ceremony for the Gotthard base tunnel in Switzerland. The other day, CERN published a draft of a new project, set out in four volumes. [32] A second two-year period of shutdown begun at the end of 2018. China – 12 July 1991, 14 August 1997 & 17 February 2004, CERN's Large Hadron Collider is the subject of a (scientifically accurate), The Compact Muon Solenoid at CERN was used as the basis for the, CERN forms also part of the story of the Japanese anime television series, In season 10 episode 6 of the BBC TV show, In 2015, Sarah Charley, US communications manager for LHC experiments at CERN with graduate students Jesse Heilman of the, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 02:56. Well, about as hot as conditions in the Universe after the Big Bang, or more than 100,000-times the temperature at the center of the Sun. [9] According to Lew Kowarski, a former director of CERN, when the name was changed, the abbreviation could have become the awkward OERN, and Werner Heisenberg said that this could "still be CERN even if the name is [not]". –4.5m (14.75ft), 5.0m (16.4ft) 5.5m (18ft), and 6.5m (21.3ft) tunnel diameters • Model tunnel length of 500m (1,600ft.) CERN operates a network of six accelerators and a decelerator. The agreement was ratified on 5 October 2016. The first ramp to the record-breaking energy of 6.5 TeV was performed on 10 April 2015. ), "New results indicate that particle discovered at CERN is a Higgs boson", "First successful beam at record energy of 6.5 TeV", "The Synchrocyclotron prepares for visitors", "Cern plans for even larger hadron collider", Israel may become first non-European member of nuclear research group CERN – Diplomacy and Defense Israel News, "Convention for the Establishment of a European Organization for Nuclear Research", "CERN welcomes Romania as its twenty-second Member State | Media and Press Relations", "Serbia joins CERN as its 23rd Member State", "Slovenia to enter the Associate Member State family of CERN", "Slovenia becomes an Associate Member in the pre-stage to Membership at CERN", "Ukraine becomes an associate member of CERN", "India becomes Associate Member State of CERN", "Lithuania becomes Associate Member State of CERN", "Turkey to become Associate Member State of CERN", "Pakistan Becomes the First Associate CERN Member from Asia", "Pakistan becomes Associate Member State of CERN", "Pakistan officially becomes an associate member of CERN – The Express Tribune", "India to become Associate Member State of CERN", "Lithuania has become associate member of CERN", "The Importance of International Research Institutions for Science Diplomacy", "ESO and CERN Sign Cooperation Agreement", "Collaboration with CERN Drives LINAC Innovation", "Visiting ESS, Frederick Bordry of CERN Discusses the Past, Present and Future of the Collaboration", Open Access Policy for CERN Physics Publications, "Physicists Discover Another Unifying Force: Doo-Wop", "Large Hadron Collider Rap Video Is a Hit", "Angels and Demons – the science behind the story", "Large Hadron Collider Unleashes Rampaging Zombies", "Musician Howie Day records love song to physics | CERN", European Organization for Nuclear Research, Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments, European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CERN&oldid=997965675, International organizations based in Europe, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles to be expanded from October 2013, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1989: The determination of the number of light, Turkey signed an association agreement on 12 May 2014, Pakistan signed an association agreement on 19 December 2014. Anybody for dinosaurs strolling along the Champs-Élysées, or alien life forms seizing the entire planet? This timeline collects the organization's major contracts, projects, partnerships and scientific advances. But the viral video recorded at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (a.k.a. Of the 23 members, Israel joined CERN as a full member on 6 January 2014,[36] becoming the first (and currently only) non-European full member. The LHC resumed operation on 20 November 2009 by successfully circulating two beams, each with an energy of 3.5 teraelectronvolts (TeV). It uses the 27 km circumference circular tunnel previously occupied by the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP), which was shut down in November 2000. [5], The acronym CERN is also used to refer to the laboratory, which in 2016 had 2,500 scientific, technical, and administrative staff members, and hosted about 12,000 users. Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border and has 23 member states. With a length of 57.09 km (35.5 mi) it is the world's longest railway and deepest traffic tunnel. “The God particle found by CERN could destroy the universe,” Hawking wrote in the preface to a book, Starmus, a collection of lectures by scientists. The majority of its length is on the French side of the border. Cernunnos controls the shadows, and he is a dying/rising god after the order of Osiris and Horus who was so elaborately summoned by CERN occultists during the June 1, 2016 Gotthard Rail Tunnel Opening Ceremony. They also say it was buried out of respect for the natural landscape, which sounds slightly ironic considering the massive damage the collider could possibly cause down the road. Yugoslavia left the organization in 1961. Seikan is the … Eight experiments (CMS, ATLAS, LHCb, MoEDAL,[25] TOTEM, LHCf, FASER and ALICE) are located along the collider; each of them studies particle collisions from a different aspect, and with different technologies. The tunnel is 17 miles (27 kilometers) long, and between 50 and 175 meters below the ground. The Hadron Collider (also referred to as CERN) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator and the largest machine man has ever made; it’s a whopping seventeen miles long and buried 574 feet beneath the earth’s surface. @Robert_Bridge. All new members have remained in the organization continuously since their accession, except Spain and Yugoslavia. The agreement was ratified on 10 October 2019. During April 2005, a trial successfully streamed 600 MB/s to seven different sites across the world. [29] In early 2013, the LHC was deactivated for a two-year maintenance period, to strengthen the electrical connections between magnets inside the accelerator and for other upgrades. The first website was activated in 1991. Prior to the Web's development, CERN had pioneered the introduction of Internet technology, beginning in the early 1980s.[23]. The LHC consists of a 27-kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way. How hot you ask? • Determine expected occupant travel speeds and use FDS models to determine maximum fire size that can be tolerated such that the smoke (The Rap Is Already Written. Outside of the LEP and LHC experiments, most are officially named and numbered after the site where they were located. Dr. Mantill’s report states: Most of you who have heard of CERN will have heard of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) the largest scientific instrument which exceeds 20 miles in diameter and travels under the sovereign territory of two countries (Switzerland, France). A beam might rotate for up to 10 hours, travelling a distance of more than 10 billion kilometers, enough to make it to the far reaches of our Solar System and back again. Hawking is not the only voice in the scientific wilderness predicting possible catastrophe if CERN continues in the atomic fast lane. Seikan Tunnel. The main site at Meyrin hosts a large computing facility, which is primarily used to store and analyse data from experiments, as well as simulate events. This is like "firing two needles across the Atlantic and getting them to hit each other" according to Steve Myers, director for accelerators and technology. Southern section of the line is in operation since 2016-02-12. Stephen Hawking, the eminent physicist, seems to agree. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (/sɜːrn/; French pronunciation: ​[sɛʁn]; derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. © courseweb.stthomas.edu, Subscribe to RT newsletter to get stories the mainstream media won’t tell you, A general view of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiment is seen during a media visit to the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in the French village of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, near Geneva in Switzerland © Pierre Albouy. © Autonomous Nonprofit Organization “TV-Novosti”, 2005–2021. On 5 April 2015, after two years of maintenance and consolidation, the LHC restarted for a second run. India signed an association agreement on 21 November 2016. Among other work, the LINAC 2 linear accelerator injector was decommissioned, to be replaced by a new injector accelerator, the LINAC 4 in 2020. Researchers need remote access to these facilities, so the lab has historically been a major wide area network hub. Inside CERN’s subterranean ring, some 10,000 superconducting electromagnets, powered by a small city’s worth of electricity, guide two beams of protons in opposite directions around the tunnel … On 30 March 2010, the LHC successfully collided two proton beams with 3.5 TeV of energy per proton, resulting in a 7 TeV collision energy. In the same year, CERN generated 49 petabytes of data. Its 27-kilometre tunnel now hosts the LHC. In March 2013, CERN announced that the measurements performed on the newly found particle allowed it to conclude that this is a Higgs boson. Although it may require some mental gymnastics to wrap one’s brain around exactly what the CERN scientists are attempting to achieve in their underground lab, the average layman may instinctively understand that such an experiment may be wrought with unforeseeable pitfalls. The Higgs Boson could become unstable at very high energy levels and have the potential to trigger a “catastrophic vacuum decay which would cause space and time to collapse and… we would not have any warning to the dangers,” he continued. Edoardo Amaldi was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, while the first Director-General (1954) was Felix Bloch.[10]. There may be another reason for the CERN super collider being buried hundreds of feet underground: The unbelievable hot temperatures it can reach. Although most corporations shun any connection with religion and the spiritual world, CERN has chosen as its mascot a Hindu goddess. [19] Further tests showed that the results were flawed due to an incorrectly connected GPS synchronization cable.[20]. CERN has come a long way since its foundation in 1954. The French side is under Swiss jurisdiction and there is no obvious border within the site, apart from a line of marker stones. Coincidentally, CERN is roughly 27 kilometers from the center of Lake Geneva (i.e., 46°27’19.8″N 6°36’01.9″E) where CIA Headquarters is evidently located. [6], CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN through international collaborations. CERN is presently ramping up the largest atom collider in the world (it takes … The LHC has begun to generate vast quantities of data, which CERN streams to laboratories around the world for distributed processing (making use of a specialized grid infrastructure, the LHC Computing Grid). So once again, this ‘dark versus visible’ paradigm has generated a battle that transcends the scientific world, becoming a question involving philosophy and spirituality. Simply postulating such futuristic scenarios shows how far mankind has traveled in a relatively short expanse of time, and our dystopic future predicted in books like “Brave New World” and “1984” may already be here. Completed: 1988. Since its foundation by 12 members in 1954, CERN regularly accepted new members. Today, however, CERN is more famous – or perhaps infamous is the better word - for an upcoming experiment in which scientists will play God in an effort to recreate the conditions immediately following the ‘Big Bang’ event that gave birth to the Universe millions of years ago. Construction for these experiments required an extraordinary engineering effort. It lies beneath the border of Switzerland and France. The Large Hadron Collider sits beneath the campus at a depth of around 328ft (100m) and runs around a 17 mile (27km) tunnel. Each machine in the chain increases the energy of particle beams before delivering them to experiments or to the next more powerful accelerator. The SPS and LEP/LHC tunnels are almost entirely outside the main site, and are mostly buried under French farmland and invisible from the surface. In late 2008, when CERN was first firing up the engines on its atom-smashing machine, Otto Rossler, a German professor at the University of Tubingen, filed a lawsuit against CERN with the European Court of Human Rights, on the grounds that the facility could trigger a mini black hole that could get out of control and annihilate the planet. This website uses cookies. The tunnel complex runs along a 17-mile (27-kilometer) circuit. On 30 April 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to anyone. [7][8], The convention establishing CERN was ratified on 29 September 1954 by 12 countries in Western Europe. Three of these experimental sites are in France, with ATLAS in Switzerland, although some of the ancillary cryogenic and access sites are in Switzerland. For example, extreme accuracy of the tunnel position is mandatory. Currently (as of 2019) active machines are: Many activities at CERN currently involve operating the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the experiments for it. Compared to the LHC, it would be absolutely gigantic. The only traffic passing through this tunnel when it opens for business will be high energy beams of sub-atomic particles. [citation needed], CERN's first president was Sir Benjamin Lockspeiser. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) says it expects to restart the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) by this weekend after more … The challenge for the engineers was then to try to line up the two beams so that they smashed into each other. situated underground at sites on the SPS accelerator. The cost of the new accelerator is estimated at $ 9 billion, of which $ 5 billion will be spent on the creation of a tunnel with a length of 100 km. This bizarre ceremony for a tunnel in Switzerland opening near CERN was recorded a few years ago. [28] In July 2012, CERN scientists announced the discovery of a new sub-atomic particle that was later confirmed to be the Higgs boson. More recently, CERN has become a facility for the development of grid computing, hosting projects including the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE (EGEE) and LHC Computing Grid. The tunnel is circular and is located 50–175 metres (165–575 feet) below ground, on the border between France and Switzerland. Now on top of all the speculation as to what CERN scientists are really attempting to do with their Large Hadron Collider, many observers could not help but notice that the town in France where CERN is partially situated is called “Saint-Genus-Poilly.” The name Pouilly comes from the Latin “Appolliacum” and it is believed that in Roman times a temple existed in honor of Apollo, and the people who lived there believed that it is a gateway to the underworld. The 1984 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer for the developments that resulted in the discoveries of the W and Z bosons. One year after CERN’s grand opening, Sergio Bertolucci, former Director for Research and Scientific Computing of the facility, grabbed headlines when he told a British tabloid the super collider could open otherworldly doors to another dimension for "a very tiny lapse of time,” mere fractions of a second. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the worlds largest and most powerful particle accelerator. The tunnel through the Swiss Alps was first conceived in sketch-form in 1947 but construction began 17 years ago Journey time between Zurich … to determine maximum smoke filling rates. It is interesting to note that CERN is built on the same spot. This will be achieved, CERN says, by accelerating and colliding together two beams of heavy ions, an epic scientific event that will take place next month. Spain first joined CERN in 1961, withdrew in 1969, and rejoined in 1983. Religious leaders – always suspicious of the aims of the scientific world - drew a connection to a verse straight out of Revelations (9:1-2, 11), which makes reference to the name ‘Apollyon.’ The verse states: “To him was given the key of the bottomless pit. Measuring over 57 km and costing over 11 billion Euros, the Gotthard Base Tunnel is world’s longest and most expensive tunneling project in History. In the first phase from 2014 to 2016 3,000 libraries, consortia, research organisations, publishers and funding agencies in various countries participated. Each machine in the chain increases the energy of particle beams before delivering them to experiments or to the next more powerful accelerator. The 1992 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to CERN staff researcher Georges Charpak "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber". Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}46°14′03″N 6°03′10″E / 46.23417°N 6.05278°E / 46.23417; 6.05278, European particle physics research organisation, CERN's main site, from Switzerland looking towards France, A plaque at CERN commemorating the invention of the. [3] Israel is the only non-European country granted full membership. The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT. According to the CERN website, if the filaments were unraveled, they would “stretch to the Sun and back five times with enough left over for a few trips to the Moon.”. The €20bn (£17.8bn) machine, named the Future Circular Collider, would smash particles together inside a 100km (62 mile) tunnel, making it four times the size of the LHC, which at present is … Regularly accepted new members physical matter accounts for only four percent of two! Cern Internet Exchange points in Switzerland recorded a few years ago complexes are used to pre-accelerate protons and ions! Between 50 and 175 meters below the ground, on the French side of the line is operation! That they smashed into each other and funding agencies in various countries participated system! 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The European organization for Nuclear Research ( a.k.a project, dubbed the Future Circular Collider, cost... ] a second two-year period of shutdown begun at the end of.! 2017 and ratified on 29 September 1954 by 12 members in 1954, CERN regularly accepted new members have in! A length of 57.09 km ( 35.5 mi ) it is the worlds largest and powerful... Those who are in the dark about CERN and the nearby Jura mountains the Bible is conspiracy theory sub-atomic.... Precisely … the required tunnels for the engineers was then to try to line up the beams. Internet Exchange Point ( CIXP ), one of the tunnel is Circular and is located 50–175 metres ( ft! Controversial objectives it hopes to achieve, here is a quick primer the. Connected GPS synchronization cable. [ 74 ] the Bible is conspiracy theory the about... 'S major contracts, projects, partnerships and scientific advances CERN is an official United Nations Observer, the... The OPERA Collaboration reported the detection of possibly faster-than-light neutrinos of 6.5 was!