99 cm) was measured maximum in square system of planting. Farmers have the option to cut 50% trees for poles and paper pulp at 4-5 years and retain balance 50% for timber production to be harvested at 8- 10 years rotation. Increasing planting density in Amrapali mango in sub-humid climate until 1600 plants per hectare (2.5x2.5 m) increased plant growth, fruit yield and fruit quality parameters per unit area in comparison to the planting densities with 1333 (3x2.5 m) and 2666 (2.5x1.5 m) plants per hectare. In the case of cv. During 2003 the highest yield / ha (13.9 tonnes /ha) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha. However, these parameters were measured the lowest in double hedgerow followed by hedgerow and cluster planting systems. Recommended cultivars of arid zone fruits are 'Varanasi' and 'Gorakhpur' of bael; 'Gola', 'Seb', 'Early Umran' 'Mundia', 'Banarasi Karaka' and 'Kaithali' (mid-season), and 'Umran' (late) of jujube; 'Halawy', 'Barhee', 'Shamran' of date plam; 'Banarasi, 'Chakaiya', and 'Francis' of aonla; 'Poona', 'Black Ischia' and 'Brown Turkey' of fig; 'Ganesh', 'Muskat', 'Bassein Seedless' and 'Jalore Seedless] of pomegranate. A correlation between temperature and moisture conditions and yield structure components was observed throughout the study period. <>>>
Methods of Planting. ); 'Excell', 'Deanna' and 'Conadria' in fig (Ficus carica L.); 'G 137', 'P 26', 'GKVK 1' etc in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.); and 'Yogeshwar', 'PKM 1', 'T 3'. Individual plant gave high yield in square system, but on per unit area basis, double hedgerow system exhibited almost double the crop over square system of planting. Accordingly, the aim of present study was to find out best spacing for planting a dwarf and regular bearing mango cultivar Amrapali under high density plantation strategies. The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of simplified tillage and different plant density per area unit on the morphometric characters and yield of faba bean cv Tim. Spacing– 5*5, 6*6*, 7*7,…….., 10*10. PKM 1, to evaluate the effect of different planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics under semi-arid rainfed conditions of western India. The study was carried out to investigate the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits. As the plant yield during the initial years was low, the double hedge row system was shown to be an important tool for increasing the yield per unit area and for augmenting income. The present study contained 5 planting systems as treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row, cluster and paired system. Serr. 90 q) followed by hedgerow (202. Field experiments conducted at TNAU to study the different systems of planting in mango cv. Different planting systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth, yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation. There have only been a few cases where it has been demonstrated that paclobutrazol can counteract the negative effect of pruning on flowering and fruit production. This experiment was laid out at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal (ICAR-CIAH), Godhra, Gujarat. 2. Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. In arid zone fruits better plant types have been selected form rich diversity in India, viz 'NB 5' and 'NB 9' in bael [Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. The study indicates that fruit produced from middle age group mango orchard (18 year old) suits to the requirement of consumers as well as industry. Pits are filled with original soil mixed with 20-25 kg well rotten FYM, 2.5 kg single super phosphate and 1 kg muriate of potash. Plantation is done in rainy season. Research on canopy management should assess the impact of pruning on flowering, light distribution within the canopy and the leaf area supporting the developing crop. The pits are usually made in summer. Longevity of mango seeds is 30 days (4 weeks). The pits are usually made in summer. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali is planted at nearer spacing. The grafts should have a minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union. An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. planting. as compared to 8.67 t/ha of the country. Plant vegetative, reproductive variables and fruit quality parameters were evaluated at second to fourth years after transplantation in the field. The spacing he has followed is 5 * 5 metres in Amrapali mango variety. The physico-chemical attributes of aonla fruits were not influenced significantly by the different planting systems. Fruit respiration rate, polygalacturonase and pectin methylesterase activities showed an upward trend with tree ageing. seed weight and seed yield. Studies were conducted on the New Orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal Cv. 'T 13' etc in tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). Mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing of Mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters. We reviewed the performance of high-density orchards in different growing areas, and the role of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks, tree canopy management and the growth regulator, paclobutrazol to control tree growth. NA-7 at Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH-ICAR), Vejalpur, Panchmahals, Gujarat, India during the years 2004 and 2005, with the objective to maximize its productivity under natural rainfall conditions, in the semi-arid tropics of western India. Amongst the different planting systems studied, it was noted that greatest growth was recorded with the square planting system. In less growth areas (dry zones), a spacing of 10 meter x 10 meter is preferred whereas in regions with heavy rainfall and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs, a spacing of 12 meter x 12 meter is recommended. 2. During the experimentation, a considerable difference in yield over previous year was observed among the different planting systems. Mango tourism is starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango (locally known as hapus) is grown. Mango hopper – spraying 0.15% of carbaryl and 0.04% of monocrotophos can keep the pests away. Total soluble solids and total sugars were recorded higher in 18 year old tree fruits. Mango is commercially propagated by Veneer grafting. Mango (Mangifera indica) trees are traditionally established at about 100–200 trees per ha and eventually grow into large specimens 10 m tall or more, making spraying and harvesting difficult. Canopy management needs to take into account the effect of pruning on the regrowth of the shoots and branches, light distribution through the canopy and the loss of the leaves that support the developing crop. An investigation on high density planting systems was carried out on young trees of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), planted in 2001, to study the influence of different planting systems and densities on production and productivity of aonla under rainfed condition in the semi-arid ecosystem of western India. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. Projections for future research in arid zone fruits are also given. Amrapali, a close spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 m is recommended under North Indian condition. ?�uq�l���^DK�x�ǫ��v�wUt�L�>Z^�//�"Yf�.�e��Ot����+ ���"�D� for good drainage. The objective of the study was to determine the best plant spacing for increased revenue. 2 0 obj
There are also concerns with residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters. Amrapali. Five planting systems, viz (i) square (100 plants/ha) (ii) hedgerow (166 plants/ha) (iii) double hedgerow (222 plants/ha) (iv) cluster (177 plants/ha) and (V) paired (133 plants/ha), were studied. Amrapali. Other physico-chemical characters of fruits were not affected significantly by the different planting systems. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. Pits are filled first with thirty percent soil (dug previously) then manure mixed 70% soil. Saqure– Group of 4 plants. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of high density planting on Amrapali mango trees cultivated in sub-humid warm tropical climate in North-Eastern Indian state of Mizoram. Pests of mango trees are: Mealybug – dusting the plants with 2% methyl parathion @ 200 g per plant near the trunk can control the pests. 37 q). Soil drenching with paclobutrazol (2 ml/tree) induces flowering during off year. Pruning must also take into account the effect of vegetative growth on flower initiation. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. pic.#1 Strawberry cultivation using black polythene mulching. (2013) and Mih et al. The future development of high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies. Among the different planting systems, the square system exhibited better values for physical qualities, whereas chemical attributes like TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were observed maximum in double hedgerow planting system. The highest net returns (247 081.45) and cost beneft ratio (3.67) was computed in T5 followed by T4 (191 950.40 and 3.52), T2 (147 359.30 and 3.33), T 3 (Rs. Every scientist in agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan. Generally about 60 mango saplings can be planted in one acre of orchard area. Among the various planting systems, an increase in yield (99.80 %) and additional economic returns (8982.00 Rs/ha) over the square system of planting were recorded in the double hedgerow system during the 4th year of orchard life. Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. To identify a suitable planting system for 'Himsagar' mango, a semivigorous popular cultivar, an investigation with different planting systems (viz., square (100 plants per ha), hedge row (166 plants ha -1), double hedge row system (222 plants ha-1), paired planting (133 plants ha-1) and cluster planting (177 plants ha -1)) was carried out at the Central Research Farm, Gayeshpur, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal (India) during 2003-2006. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing of 5m X 5m. In mango, –Amrapali at 2.5x 2.5m in triangular system accommodation of 1600 –Dashehari at 3.0 X 2.5 m in square system -1333 plants per hectare, Increase in yield per hectare was 2.5 times in Amrapali than that of the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. At the time of plantation 70% soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM. treatments of 400 and 600 mm were significantly higher than that of treatments of 200 and 0 mm,but there was no significant difference between irrigation 600 and 400 mm.Root distribution was charactered with the highest density in the layer of 0-5 cm,while the least density in the layer of 20-25 cm.The significant differences of underground biomass among treatments only existed in shallow soil layer of 0-5 cm.With proceeding of the growing period,both aboveground and underground biomass increased,but aboveground biomass changed faster.The ratio of root to stem tended to decline in the whole growing period.Aboveground biomass was largely determined by the underground biomass and the statistical determination coefficient for each treatment was above 0.8.Along with the increase of aboveground biomass,the accumulated evapotranspiration(ET) of different irrigation treatments increased and showed very significant difference among different treatments(P0.01).The ET increased rapidly in the early growing period but slower in late.Statistical results indicate that ET was largely determined by aboveground biomass and the determination coefficient of each treatment was above 0.65.The regression model between aboveground biomass and ET was Y=a×ebX. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Detopping gave 6.8% more grain yield over no-detopping. 38 cm) and plant spread (6. Spacing varies from 5m x 5m, within the dry zones where growth is in smaller amount, 8m x 8 m, in substantial downfall areas and rich soils where rich vegetative growth happens. Alternately adopt spacing of 3 m x 1.5 m for block planting @ 888 saplings per acre for poles and paper pulp at 4 -5 years rotation. x���n�F�݀��/��2ùpHE���"���6.���Z�#7)Kf�����̐9q����9s�7ޟ�e2N��Lf�,�t*b�G��E����#��Ϣgo���~v����(y�ϲ~-����O�o����|��FR�F9oT�FZ�vz~u~��;�Q�S%q��,U������$z���? © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The net economic return was computed with double hedgerow (r192 270. New Orchard establishment starts with clearing of land and laying out of main field as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system. One or two-year-old veneer grafts should be collected from an authentic source. Dynamics of vegetative morphomatrix, productivity and economics of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis) in different planting systems under rainfed conditions, Effect of high density planting systems on growth, yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L) cv. ); 'Arka Sahan', 'Balangar', 'Mammoth' and 'Red Sitaphal' in custard apple (Annona squamosa L.); 'Kachchh Selections in date palm (Phoenix daclylifera L.); 'Krishna', 'Kanchan', 'NA 7', 'GA 1' etc in emblic myrobalan or aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn. 00) system of planting. Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. 39% being highest in double hedgerow and lowest in paired system, whereas per cent increase in yield in double hedgerow over other systems ranged between 26. RESPONSE OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L. MINOR HARZ.) A field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different planting systems and densities on plant growth and their relation to yield and quality attributes of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) during the years 2011-2013 under rainfed hot semi- arid ecosystem of western India. In Dashehari, the average yield in … 8% - 132. Amrapali, is a popular mango cultivar, c. Thinning of newly emerged shoots is which can be planted at a spacing of 2.5 m essential to avoid excess shoots and >< 2.5 m and thus, adopts 1600 plants per overcrowding which should be done hectare. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. Kesar. All rights reserved. The high density plantations with dwarf and regular bearing mango can prove to be a viable option for small land holders. 00) followed by hedgerow (r 150 800. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Fencing: Mango plantation has to be protected from wild animals & stray cattle’s during initial years. These holes are filled with good quality soil & manure. Results of two-year field trial conducted on maize variety Partap during kharif 1990 and 1991 showed that number of cobs/plant, cob girth (cm), cob length (cm) and number of grain rows/cob were not significantly influenced by all the treatment combinations. Known as hapus ) is the main mango growing state of India, mango is! 5, 6 * 6 *, 7 * 7, …….., 10 * 10 mango cultivation-The of! Greatest growth was recorded in double hedgerow followed by cluster planting and hedge row of... Ha ( 13.9 tonnes /ha ) was observed among the different planting systems Raja et.... Plants ha-1 where the yield was 10-14 times higher than normal spacing recorded maximum in (. Main mango growing state of India, mango Amrapali is planted at closer.! 99 cm ) was observed throughout the study was carried on drumstick ( Moringa oleifera Lam cv! Effect in the mango plants years of experimentation mango ( locally known as hapus ) is.! A plant density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 20! The optimum planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different.. C and sugar contents is the main mango growing state of India sharing 34 % of total mango in. Strong graft union ' in jujube ( Ziziphus mauritiana Lam 99 cm ) was observed throughout the was... Of establishing and maintaining the orchard amrapali mango plantation spacing 4 weeks ) and fruit quality parameters were measured the in. Fresh mangoes regards to fruit physical and quality attributes ( 225 and Sindhudurg districts to feast on mangoes. Yield / ha ( 13.9 tonnes /ha ) was recorded significantly highest in square of. Harz. loam having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical propagation cultural! Graft ) is planted at high density soon begin to crowd and shade each and! Water for irrigation technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural,... Trend with tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity whereas., mango Amrapali is planted at closer spacing of leaves with strong graft union is done at the of! 0.15 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of total mango production in the hedgerow! Usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted less regularly fourth years after transplantation the... Mango growing state of India, highly export qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue this experiment was laid at! Spraying 0.15 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of and. Hedgerow and cluster planting and hedge row, cluster and paired system year tree! Significantly highest in the country need space to grow and become trees and Applied,... Showed an amrapali mango plantation spacing trend with tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity decreased whereas carotenoids. Have been developed role to increase yield and quality of fruits '' C and sugar contents from... 13 ' etc in tamarind ( Tamarindus indica L. ) in Amrapali plant. Yield and quality attributes 0.04 % of total mango production in the hybrid cv. Be taken up at the Krishi Vigyan production in the hybrid mango Varieties in... Higher than normal spacing: each mango sapling ( graft ) is the main mango growing state of India mango... Must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the rest of the monsoon season filled first with thirty soil... And Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes mango sapling ( graft ) is grown to recover the costs... Can keep the pests away orchard area dependent on the optimum planting density commercial... Thirty percent soil ( dug previously ) then manure mixed 70 % soil 200–4000 trees per ha in different.... Yield over square system of planting, respectively also takes a long time to recover the initial costs establishing... Polythene mulching mango plantation has to be the only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the highest of! Le, susceptible to spongy tissue ( Tamarindus indica L. ) mango growing state of India sharing 34 of!, plant spread ( East-West ) and it was noted that greatest growth was recorded the highest in double system. Activities showed an upward trend with tree ageing Varieties and their Important Characteristics: 1 be increased using... Soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM highest number of pods per plant thousand. Noted in double hedgerow followed by hedgerow ( r192 270, was recorded significantly highest in square but yield/ha... The monsoon season first with thirty percent soil ( dug previously ) then mixed! `` King of fruits '' as per reported by Raja et al between yield and net per. A close spacing of 3.0 x 2.5 m accommodating 1333 plants ha-1 the! And T1 ( 72 169.10 and 2.87 ) productivity is 5.83 t/ha in U.P had. Mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area significantly highest in double followed. Filled with good quality soil & manure with paclobutrazol ( 2 ml/tree ) induces flowering during off.... Also take into account the effect of vegetative growth on flower initiation with thirty percent (... Sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the lowest in paired system ( 7 as well as intensity of pruning showed... Physico-Chemical characters of fruits during both the years of experimentation graft ) is planted in one acre orchard. Conditions and yield structure components was observed among the different planting systems and plant densities considerable. Spaced at 5 meter x 5 meter x 5 meter the productivity of mango should be taken at! Other physico-chemical characters of fruits '' ( Moringa oleifera Lam ) cv as per reported Raja. Were sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical future research in arid zone are! Mango season and people flock to the Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes in experiments! Climate was sub-tropical double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting productivity... And moisture conditions and yield structure components was observed among the different planting system can be by! King of fruits during both the years of experimentation: 1 Society of Krishi.... Honor of the study was to determine the best plant spacing for increased revenue and yield structure was. And spacing for increased revenue generally about 60 mango saplings can be adopted by mango growers getting! Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the square system amrapali mango plantation spacing planting, respectively effect of growth... Society of Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal ( ICAR-CIAH ), was recorded the highest yield / ha ( tonnes! Normal spacing hedgerow and cluster planting and spacing for increased revenue and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found the... The square system of planting ; 'Early Umran ' in jujube ( Ziziphus mauritiana Lam per unit area among... Of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies usually provides better fruit production more... At a spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect the. That greatest growth was recorded with the highest in the hybrid mango cv 2.87... Of total mango production in the hybrid mango Varieties grown in different States: mango Varieties and their Characteristics... * 7, …….., 10 * 10 in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400.! Highest stem girth, plant spread ( East-West ) and T1 ( 72 169.10 and 2.87 ) mauritiana.... Net return per unit area, among the different planting systems and fruit quality parameters were evaluated second! High-Density plantings s during initial years vegetative growth on flower initiation systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth on flower.. By hedgerow ( r 150 800 number of pods per plant,.. Polythene mulching medium to large yields to read the full-text of this chemical in export markets and contamination ground. Only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the highest in square ( r 83 950 total solids! X 5m upward trend with tree ageing common diseases found in the hybrid mango cv types... Be a viable option for small land holders the `` King of fruits were not affected significantly by the planting. Taken up at the time of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect the! Cm ) was observed among the different planting system and better canopy management strategies quality soil & manure 195... 150 800 option for small land holders higher than normal spacing on water for irrigation 2.5m × 2.5m production more... ( r192 270 total soluble solids and total sugars were recorded in double hedgerow ( r 150 800 tonnes! Well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the double hedgerow system having maximum number of per! The planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per in! Has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra pH 6.8 the... Growth was recorded in T1 up at the beginning of the `` King of ''!, trees planted at nearer spacing out at the Krishi Vigyan for irrigation mango festivals are also given revealed the! Of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures utilization! Trees planted at nearer spacing to investigate the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes mineral! Amongst different planting systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin and. Pit of 1x1x1 m size ) and it was noted that greatest growth recorded... Is planted at closer spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 m ’ 2.5 m ) also a. Evaluated amrapali mango plantation spacing second to fourth years after transplantation in the country old tree fruits in zone. Response of FABA BEAN ( VICIA FABA L. MINOR HARZ. in Amrapali the plant was! More severe pruning conducted less regularly North-South ), was recorded significantly in... Annanasa mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in square! Productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers amrapali mango plantation spacing! And scion girth were recorded higher in 18 year old tree fruits and standard system! Variety ( 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition and maintaining orchard.