Until the Great Depression, Illinois relied on a statewide property tax for most of its revenue. THOS. Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. Sect. municipality. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. Have you had some time to read the said constitution and what it contains? C. GREENUP, Secretary to the Convention, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Illinois_Constitution_of_1818&oldid=10258325, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The 1st Supreme Court judges were to ride circuit until their term expired in 1824 and, with the exception of these first judges, all judicial tenure was based on good behavior. ARTICLE III - SUFFRAGE AND ELECTIONS. SETH GARD, Edwards County. Price $0.95 each, any quantity. To carry these out, states have set up state constitutions. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th , 1818, entitled "An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes;" in order to establish justice, promote the welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, do by their representatives in convention, ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government; and do mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free and independent state, by the name of the State of Illinois. No person or persons, conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… HEZEKIAH WEST, Johnson County SAMUEL G. MORSE, WILLIAM M'FATRIDGE. 1818. Trustee Village. The constitution is available at the Illinois State Archives as part of Secretary of State Record Series 103.012, "First Constitution of Illinois. It also required that taxes on each category had to be uniform. 20._____No state law in Illinois may go against a national law. One of those requirements stated that Illinois had to pass a state Constitution. It was considered very liberal at the time, allowing all white males who had lived in the state for six months the right to vote with no property restrictions and no requirement that they be U. S. citizens. ARTICLE XI - ENVIRONMENT. Judge Jesse Thomas, who was to become one of Illinois' first two United States Senators, served as president of the convention. A Supreme Court of four judges was established, and three of the four Supreme Court judges constituted a quorum. The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. Following elections in July, 33 delegates met in the territorial capital of Kaskaskia on Monday, August 3, 1818, to begin drafting a state Constitution. In Congress, 34 members of the House voted against admitting Illinois to the Union because they believed the Constitution did not go far enough to prohibit slavery. What is the North geographic boundary of Illinois? Adopted at Kaskaskia in convention, August 26, 1818. In response, a second constitution was written and adopted in 1848. three. 1818. The Illinois Constitution of 1818. ARTICLE IV - THE LEGISLATURE. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. The first constitution for Illinois was written in 1818. ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE. B[ENJ]. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th, 1818, entitled “An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into … ARTICLE IX - REVENUE. Election was by popular vote with 1 judge of 3 elected from each of the divisions of the state (Northern, Central and Southern) for a 9-year term. When statehood for Illinois was approved on April 18, 1818, the U.S. Congress approved the formation of a state constitution. 2. The first Illinois constitution was drafted in 1818 to satisfy Congress' requirements for elevation from territorial status to full statehood. Page Flip View : View Image & Text: Download: small (250x250 max) medium (500x500 max) ... Illinois Constitution: Illinois Firefighter Line of Duty Deaths Digital Image Collection: Illinois Historic Aerial Photographs, 1936-1941: ARTICLE X - EDUCATION. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names: 16._____Illinois became a state in 1818. STEPHENSON, Madison County. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. SJB 8th grade Illinois Constitution test. Illinois General Assembly, "Illinois Constitution" YouTube, "The Illinois Constitution" Illinois Courts Learning Center, "Lesson 2 - The Illinois Constitution" Tripod.com, "Illinois Constitution of 1818" Additional reading. Name the dates of the Illinois Constitutions. CLICK HERE to view the actual signatures. How many branches of government are there? JESSE B. THOMAS, From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. 19._____The Illinois Constitution does not have a bill of rights in it. Includes Illinois state symbols, review questions, Illinois legislative map, a review of the Illinois Bicentennial (1818-2018) and student activities to make for an interesting read. (1)Kaskaskia, (2)Vandalia, (3)Springfield. JOHN WHITEAKER, LEVI COMPTON. The militia of the State of Illinois shall consist of all free male able-bodied persons, negroes, mulattoes and Indians excepted, resident in the state, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except such persons as now are, or hereafter may be, exempted by the laws of the United States or of this state, and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law. The term of office of the Governor of Illinois is. The legislative branch or the General Assembly of Illinois has two houses. That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare: Done in convention at Kaskaskia, the twenty-sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the forty-third. A city, village, or town. To view the full text version of the 1818 constitution, click here (offsite link) The U.S. Constitution gives certain responsibilities to the states. Q. It also severely limited the powers of the governor and set aside land in every township for schools. ". Frontispiece Previous: 1 of 100: Next : View Description. KIRKPATRICK, Bond County. The capitol of Illinois is. History of the Constitutions --Ordinance of 1787 --Act of Congress, May 7, 1800 --Act of Congress, February 3, 1809 --Act of Congress, April 18, 1818 --Ordinance of 1818 --Constitution of 1818 --Constitution of 1848 --Constitution of 1870 --Table of Cases --Index to Constitution of 1870. 3. 1827. The challenge of the prairies slowed emigration into the region; when Illinois was granted statehood in 1818, the population was only about 35,000, and most of … President of the convention and representative from the county of St. Clair. Congress did not, however, require that this charter be submitted to the Illinois electorate for adoption. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. This page was last edited on 14 June 2020, at 07:12. 2. 17._____The current Illinois Constitution was written in 1955. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. No person or persons conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. 1848. Territorial Census (1818) The 1818 census is divided by county. Artifact Content (a transcription from the historical document or compilation) ever after the aforesaid period, the justices of the supreme court shall be commissioned during good behavior, and the justices thereof shall not hold circuit courts unless required by law. WILLIAM ECHOLS, Union County. Take up the quiz below and see how well you understood it. Q. Nevertheless, both the House and the Senate approved statehood for Illinois and President James Monroe signed the legislation on December 3, 1818. They are treated 5. Thirty years later, the second Illinois State Constitution still denied suffrage to women [2]. It must have been a great event for the quaint old town of Kaskaskia when the constitutional convention assembled on the first Monday in August 1818. The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818. 18._____The Illinois Constitution was based off of the U.S. Constitution. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. Both the Illinois Constitution and the Federal Constitution has a Bill of Rights. What constitutions has Illinois had? Illinois became a state in April 1818. 1814. Q. Note: The 1818 Illinois Constitution is one of four state Constitutions Illinois has had. Wisconsin. The 1848 constitution was created to meet Illinois' growing population a… Key Concepts: Terms in this set (52) Name the Capitols of Illinois. Springfield. To some degree it ... form in each of Illinois’ four Constitutions (1818, 1848, 1870, and 1970). Illinois has been governed under four constitutions, enacted in 1818, 1848, 1870 and 1970. The main topics of the election were whether it was sensible to have a constitution at that time and, if so, wh… Text of the Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, excerpted from: Compilation of all the general laws concerning real estate and the title thereto, in the State of Illinois 1849, p. 63-106. 1818, 1848, 1870, 1971. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. And they do hereby ratify the boundaries assigned to such state by the act of congress aforesaid, which are as follows, to wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash river, thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state; then east with the line of the same state, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north, along the middle of said lake, to north latitude 42 degrees and 30 minutes; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence down, along the middle of that river, to its confluence with the Ohio river; and thence up the latter river, along its northwestern shore, to the beginning. Senator from Illinois 1818 Map of Illinois has been governed under four constitutions ( 1818 the., required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was presented to voters in 1922 executive and. 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